Anabolic Steroids: The Pros and Cons

Anabolic Steroids: The Pros and Cons You Need to Consider

June 16, 2024

What are Anabolic Steroids? 

Anabolic steroids are synthetic forms of the male sex hormone testosterone and are also known as . They are used medically to treat conditions like delayed puberty, muscle loss due to certain diseases, and hormonal imbalances. Although some people misuse such steroids to enhance their athletic performance and increase muscle mass 

Anabolic steroids mainly work in two ways: 

Anabolic effects: Enhancing the growth of skeletal muscle 

Androgenic effects: Development of male sexual characters. 


They are available in different forms; 

  • Ampoules 
  • Vails 
  • Tablets 
  • Topical cream 


How do Anabolic Steroids Work? 


Anabolic steroids work by binding androgen receptors within cells and tissues forming an anabolic androgen receptor complex, resulting in an increase in the production of proteins, increased nitrogen retention, and enhanced RBC formation which will result in muscle growth, endurance as well as overall performance. They also impact the way you feel and behave due to their effects on the central nervous system 


Legal Status of Anabolic Steroids 


Anabolic steroids are mostly classified as controlled substances in most countries i.e.; they can only be used with a prescription or under the supervision of a healthcare professional due to their potential for abuse and misuse. It’s crucial to understand the legal implications of using anabolic steroids without prescription 


Pros of Anabolic Steroids 


1. To Enhance muscle mass: 

 One of the most important reasons why people use anabolic steroids is to achieve muscle gain in a short period. Particularly, bodybuilders and  are looking to improve their muscle mass 


 2. To Improve athletic performance: 

 Anabolic steroids will increase the formation of RBC which will directly increase the oxygen-carrying capacity of the blood and will directly improve endurance and performance. 


3. Faster Recovery Time: 

 Anabolic steroids will increase nitrogen retention within the muscle which positively helps in protein synthesis and prevents muscle breakdown 


Cons of Anabolic Steroids 


Along with potential benefits, anabolic steroids have various drawbacks as well 


1. Long-term use of anabolic steroids can have serious health risks like liver damage, cardiovascular disease, hormonal imbalances, and mood swings 


2. One may have to face legal consequences if they are using anabolics without a prescription 


3. Different individuals may observe some potential side effects depending on their genetics including acne, hair loss, infertility, and mood swings 

Considerations Before Using Anabolic Steroids 

Before trying anabolic steroids, an individual should carefully understand the following factors: 

 A. Consultation with Healthcare Professionals 

It is advised to talk with healthcare professionals before starting anabolic steroid therapy. they will guide according to the individual body, genetics, and needs 

B. Understanding Proper Dosage and Administration 

Understanding the proper dosage of anabolics is crucial to get the maximum effect according to your body and minimize the side effects. It is crucial to follow prescribed guidelines and avoid misuse or overuse 


Anabolic steroids are classified based on two terms: CUTTING & BULKING 


Which anabolic steroids are used for cutting? 


Winstrol (Stanozolol): 

  • Enhance vascularity and promote a dry, hard look. 
  • Used during cutting phases to help reduce body fat while preserving lean muscle mass. 


Anavar (Oxandrolone): 

  • A mild steroid that is mostly used for cutting. 
  • Promotes fat loss while preserving muscle tissue 
  • Low risk of side effects.  


Primobolan (Methenolone): 

  • Used in cutting cycles for its ability to preserve muscle mass and promote a harder and defined appearance. 
  • Relatively mild steroid. 



  • It provides a finishing touch to the physique  
  • It promotes a dry and shredded appearance. 


Masteron (Drostanolone): 

It provides a finishing touch to the physique. 

It promotes a dry and shredded appearance. 


Which anabolic steroids are used for bulking? 



  • Various testosterone esters (e.g., testosterone enanthate, testosterone cypionate, testosterone propionate) are used as a base for bulking cycles. 
  • Testosterone is a fundamental hormone for muscle growth and development. 


Dianabol (Methandrostenolone): 

  • Dianabol is an oral anabolic steroid often used at the beginning of bulking cycles to kickstart the gains. 
  • It increases muscle mass and strength. 


Decabol (Nandrolone Decanoate) 

  • Decabol is an injectable steroid that supports joint health during intense training. 
  • It promotes muscle growth and increases nitrogen retention 


Anadrol (Oxymetholone): 

  • Anadrol is an oral steroid that leads to substantial gains in muscle mass and strength 
  • Its use should be approached with caution due to potential side effects. 



  • Trenbolone is a potent injectable steroid that is often used for bulking. 
  • It enhances protein synthesis, nitrogen retention, and overall muscle growth. However, it is not recommended for beginners because of its potential side effect 


Boldenone (Boldabol): 

  • Boldenone is an injectable steroid that is known for its steady and quality gains without excessive water retention. 
  • It promotes lean muscle mass and increases appetite 


Testosterone Enanthate or Cypionate Stacks: 


Testosterone esters, particularly enanthate or cypionate, are often stacked with other steroids for enhanced bulking effects. 




1. What are the pros and cons of anabolic steroids? 

Anabolic steroids can help with muscle tissue building & enhance body mass by working like the natural male hormone of the body, testosterone. However, anabolics don’t enhance an athlete’s flexibility or skills. Factors like genetics, body size, age, sex, diet, & training intensity can influence an athlete’s ability.  


2. What are anabolic steroids and why are they bad? 

Anabolic steroids are only available by prescription, sometimes taken without medical advice to boost muscle mass & enhance athletic performance. Misusing drugs can lead to serious side effects & addiction. 


3. What are the pros and cons of drugs in sports? 

Despite their benefits in injury recovery, PEDs are dangerous drugs that can lead to unfair competitive advantage. Even if used for recovery from injury or surgery, these drugs are addictive, leading to longer use & unfair competition. 


4. What are the reasons steroids are good? 

Steroids reduce redness and swelling (inflammation, making them useful in conditions like asthma and eczema. They reduce the activity of the immune system, which is the body's natural defense against illness and infection. 




The decision to use anabolic steroids should be made after an overall consideration of the risks and benefits.  

Remember, staying informed and seeking professional guidance from your healthcare professional can help individuals make responsible choices regarding anabolic steroid use.  


By understanding the pros and cons of anabolic steroids, individuals can make informed decisions aligned with their goals and values. 

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